I know that when adults go to get genome sequencing, the doctors are able to tell them about diseases from their family’s past and if they are likely to get them by looking at their DNA.
But is giving birth to a premature baby considered a disease that can get passed down?



What is the probability that you would find the sequence: acgcagtcgctgcatttatt in another part of a bacterial genome? The sequence is complementary to the last 20 bases in a single strand of copR gene.

Thanks in advance.


You did not provide enough information to do the calculation … how many base pairs are there in the bacterial genome?

The probability of getting the exact 20-nucleotide sequence specified, by chance linking together of nucleotides from a pool containing an ‘infinite’ number of each of the 4 nucleotides, with the pool being thoroughly mixed,and given only a single shot, is 1 in 4^20 or about 1 in a trillion.

The Neanderthal genome sequencing done by geneticists and published last month revealed that the two groups interbred to a limited degree. This would seem to help account for the differences in skin color, eye color and hair texture between the different human races.


That is a retarded supposition. Neanderthals and modern humans only interacted in western Europe. Races as we know them were shaped by long term geographic influence. Anyone who has taken Anthro-101 could tell you that.

For instance: The people of the Andes mountains are short and barrel chested– Because they live in high altitude their bodies are built to absorb low Oxygen.
Mid-easterners are dark skinned– People who live in warm areas with lots of light need to reflect more of the sun to stay cool

this may seem as an odd question…but would you rather pay 0k for a spaceflight or 00 for DNA sequencing of your genome? 10x.

Additional Details
Additional details: genome sequencing is used to predict some diseases or determine your heredity.


In case you love watching the shows of Dr. Oz, you know about his recommendations of using natural supplements so that you can improve your well-being and overall standard of living. Among the most well-received conversations inside a doctor’s show will be the only about saffron extract. That is primarily due to the outstanding weight reduction properties and the way it might suppress one’s appetite. But furthermore, losing weight, you can find also other advantages of saffron nutritional supplement you should know.

As mentioned before, this supplement can efficiently suppress your hunger and this can finally help you lose weight. By using saffron supplement before meals, it’ll be easier that you prevent overeating while at the same time finding an extended sense of satiety.

Loads of folks who participate in binge eating usually say they do it like a reaction to psychological triggers for example boredom, stress, and depression. By using saffron supplements, your serotonin levels within your own brain is going to be enriched and exactly what this really does is help you get particularly in control of your own emotions and mood. In this way, you won’t be absorbed by your feelings and also you’ll less prone to give into your appetite and cravings.

It would be fascinating to learn that Dr. Oz came up with the experimentation of his own to verify just how authentic the advantages of saffron nutritional supplement are. What he did was simply take two girls volunteers and let them take saffron infusion while giving them freedom to eat whatever they want. When it comes to results, they were able to minimize the frequency of the snacking and decrease their cravings for unhealthy food. Over the week end, one girl lost 5 pounds and the other lost 3 pounds.

Some of the more interesting benefits of saffron nutritional supplement is just a higher self esteem and a far more stable emotional health. Along the way, you are going to feel just like a totally new individual and have a sense of fulfillment. This may also enable you to become more skillful at selecting healthier food which will not only jumpstart your healthful lifestyle but also assist you to los weight and keep it off forever.

The great thing about the advantages of saffron supplement is that it’s all-natural and won’t cause any side-effects. This supplement stems in the Saffron crocus plant, particularly from its bloom’s stigma. There is evidence that demonstrates saffron infusion can also offer relief for distinct varieties of wellness issues such as asthma, coughing, intestinal fuel, acid reflux, and insomnia.

Dr. Oz did not support a particular brand of saffron nutritional supplement – what he did was suggested what you need to look for before purchasing one. Among them was to find a proprietary combination called Satiereal. And the best part in applying this supplement is that you just do not have to break the bank to receive a month’s supply. In reality, you could even locate makers offering free trials.

If you’re looking to relish the benefits of saffron nutritional supplement within the best way possible, you might want to start shifting some things inside your lifestyle. For starters, why not make exertions to eat healthy and pick up some sort of physical action within your schedule? When you begin losing the healthy manner to weight, there is a better opportunity keeping away from all sorts of lifestyle diseases like heart attack, cancer, and diabetes.

The nation of India has long revered the plant turmeric, mainly for its use in cuisine inside the making of curry-based dishes. In the field of alternative medicine, this plant additionally holds great worth because of the health benefits it offers. Turmeric’s root could be processed to make curcumin extract – the key ingredient behind turmeric extract capsules. What other wellbeing secrets does this extract hold?

Based on figures, folks from India have lower prices of alzheimer disease and this may mainly be related to their regular ingestion of curcumin that comes from their curry-centered dishes. The common man there consumes 2 grammes of turmeric and this equates to about 100mg of curcumin. The accretion of the protein amyloid causes Alzheimer disease and the infusion helps stop this from happening.

Cancer patients, particularly those impacted in their own skin, colon, prostate, and boob can have a fighting chance against their ailment with the help of curcumin. It can produce a big difference too in keeping these cancers from developing in wholesome patients. Turmeric extract capsules have a potent combination of antioxidants that fights against cancer-causing free radicals in the body.

Turmeric extract capsules hold the antioxidants which are capable of preventing cancer cells from reaching other nearby organs of the body. The prevention of angiogenesis is key to ensuring that cancerous tumors don’t get larger and would be simpler to eliminate.

Turmeric curcumin should be taken by individuals with arthritis as a way to alleviate the pain they feel on a regular basis. Arthritis pain is a result of the enzyme COX 2 or cyclooxygenase 2 and curcumin acts as an inhibitor to dam the pain. Curcumin also helps to stimulate the adrenal glands for manufacturing of anti inflammatory cortisone. This is a considerably better cure than many pharmaceutical NSAID’s accessible today.

Gallstones are still another medical condition due to inflammation and turmeric curcumin can do wonders in dissolving the rocks while additionally helping prevent them from forming inside the very first place. Curcumin makes bile more soluble so that it doesn’t form into stones, especially during those times while the gallbladder or liver is being overwhelmed in its tasks.

Turmeric has additionally been long valued for the use within wound treatment and for that reason it may also be stated that the same effect can be offered by turmeric extract capsules as well. Turmeric extract capsules also include volatile oils that are powerful anti bacterial agents , which could assist in preventing infection in wounds. Turmeric is supposed to aid quicken the healing process of wounds.

You must be able to purchase turmeric extract capsules that are of high quality provided that you stick with reputable producers. Many products obtainable in the market today have around 500mg of turmeric root extract, though some are able to go as high as 800mg. While those with leading health concerns should consult their doctors first it might be ideal for women that are pregnant to stay clear from using this commodity.

Since it was highlighted in the Doctor. Oz Show, much hoopla has been made in green coffee-bean extract. The promises are entirely the same – the extract can promote weight loss, often without needing to change one’s diet and engaging in any physical activity.

It’s really known that caffeine has something to-do with losing weight, but the thing is, it’s not true with green coffee bean extract. Because green coffee isn’t roasted, it maintains a high amount of the substance called chlorogenic acid which is the real deal in regards to helping individuals lose weight.

To prove his point, Dr. Oz developed their own research on green coffee. There were 100 girls who participated in this study and those who took the infusion lost 2 lbs of fat on the common. Be aware that the research was using 400 milligrams of chlorogenic acid and completed within two weeks. There is also a similar study completed in the American Chemical Society for 22 months and the typical weight lost was 22 lbs.

If you’ll discover, there was no specific brand or product recommended by Dr. Mehmet Oz because he did not need to get associated with any one of these. However he gave pointers regarding how to select a good merchandise, one of these being the minimum number of chlorogenic acid, which must be at 45%. Some businesses may label chlorogenic acid as Svetol or GCA (green coffee antioxidant) in their merchandise.

It is not uncommon to find lots of low-quality green coffee extracts available on the market today because of the higher popularity it has acquired. With this in your mind, it’s important to be equipped with the knowledge that will help you identify which product is worth buying. You should consistently read what’s said within the label, especially the elements list. A great product ought to be pure and free from fillers or additives.

The beans extract shouldn’t have any extra amount of caffeine besides what it is supposed to include naturally. At this rate, you get less-than 20% caffeine when compared with regular roasted coffee. Over indulgence with caffeine generally leads to increased heart rate, nervousness, insomnia, and restlessness.

It’s also wise to be vigilant about overboard claims concerning the efficacy of a special green coffee bean for weight loss. An acclaimed manufacturer should be clear about any possible side effects should there be a misuse of the merchandise. In addition it’s important they clearly say what ingredients their product is made of and the sort of processing it experiences.

Remember though that with any type of supplements, there should be some effort and training on your part if you need to achieve the best results. Most people believe that they’ll forego having a healthful diet and exercise and only take green coffee bean extract – that is simply not the greatest route to take if you want to keep if away eternally and actually lose weight the healthy way.

Garcinia cambogia has taken the world by storm thanks to it being featured in the show of Dr. Oz and it has led to an increase in demand for this supplement. In the midst of that entire buzz, have you ever wondered by it has been labeled as a weight loss powerhouse? The truth is that it is the hydroxycitric acid in garcinia cambogia that provides it the fat-busting power it has.

According to expert studies, the garcinia cambogia extract is great as a weight-loss supplement because it is effective in suppressing appetite, inhibit the manufacture of fat, and provide other health benefits as well. All of these benefits are credited to the potent levels of hydroxycitric acid in garcinia cambogia. It is best used as a combination to both healthy eating and adequate exercise for faster turnaround time.

Hydroxycitric acid or HCA is actually very much abundant in nature, particularly in several varieties of plants, but none of the can match the potency that the fruit of garcinia cambogia contains. In the diet and weight-loss industry, HCA is widely known as a fat-buster and that is why you will commonly find it in many of the supplements companies sell.

Through the hydroxycitric acid in garcinia cambogia, your metabolism can be given its much needed upgrade to help it burn more fat efficiently. You can be confident about the getting HCA in your body because it is clinically proven to be safe and natural. So if you want to get rid of your belly fat, tone your arms and legs, and trim down your waistline, this is the way to go.

With garcinia cambogia by your side effectively suppressing your appetite, you won’t have any problems when it comes to avoiding snacking unnecessarily throughout the day. It can work wonders with your hormones, allowing your system to efficiently signal you once you are already full. You should also be able to avoid overeating due to the increased stress levels in your body.

While garcinia cambogia is well received by people desiring to lose weight, there are also those that are advised to avoid taking it for possible side-effects. Pregnant women are advised not to take this supplement primarily due to the lack of studies which proves that it is safe for them. The same can be said for breastfeeding women and those afflicted with Alzheimer’s disease or dementia.

The hydroxycitric acid in garcinia cambogia is said to be safe if taken in the recommended dosage. It is usually taken 3 times a day before meals, but experts say that no more than 3000mg should be taken at any given day. However, if are not sure whether taking this supplement is actually safe for your health, it is always best to consult your doctor first.

You should also look into the hydroxycitric acid in garcinia cambogia a supplement has. Ideally, it should be 50% at the minimum. It is also important that it has about 800 to 1000mg of HCA for it to have maximum efficacy. Make sure you read the list of ingredients too – it should not have caffeine, niacin, binders, fillers, and other artificial stuff.

With a lot of criminal activities going on almost everywhere these days, it would make sense to be vigilant and take whatever steps necessary to ensure that our home and family are protected. You can install a digital surveillance system so that you can always keep an eye on everything no matter where you are. This is one investment you can’t afford not to make.

It is understandable that some homeowners don’t take interest in investing in a home surveillance system due to the amount of cash outlay needed, but this is not the case anymore. As more brands of surveillance equipment entered the market, prices have dropped significantly and the technology has become better than ever. Today, advanced home security is virtually within everyone’s reach.

Even if your digital surveillance system has the most basic setup, it can still make a difference in preventing crimes from even happening. Burglars would most likely think twice before proceeding with their plans once they see that you have a security camera installed. And if they still proceed with their plans, your alarm system would be able to alert the proper authorities immediately.

Nowadays, one should really be careful about opening doors, especially with strangers. By installing a surveillance camera in the front door or gate, you can check out the person knocking before you open it. If in the middle of the night you feel that something strange is going on in your yard, you can check the live footage of your camera to determine the problem and call the police if necessary.

A neat feature about today’s surveillance cameras is that it takes advantage of the power of the internet. Commonly referred to as IP cameras, they allow users to check on their homes regardless of where they are. This is also useful when you are leaving your kids to a nanny and you want to make sure that they are properly taken care of.

Should a burglar successfully invade your home and take some of your valuables, you can make use of the recorded footage of your surveillance system and submit it to the police so that the perpetrators can be identified. This footage makes great evidence to put those burglars behind bars. The storage medium to be used should ideally be placed in a secure location so that burglars can’t get to it easily.

Home surveillance equipment are now advanced enough that they can even provide warnings when a possible weather disturbance such as hail, tornadoes, and hurricanes. It may also be used to remotely control appliances such as air conditioners and heaters. When paired with a fire alarm system, it can also help to alert the nearest fire station should a fire break out.

It is quite easy to have a home surveillance system installed by simply following the owner’s manual. For more advanced setups, you may need to hire a professional to make sure everything is done correctly. You will also need to decide whether to use a wired or wireless camera setup. Wireless cameras offer great flexibility and minimize the hassle of working with wires.

The career of a Singapore commercial photographer can be quite challenging but it has many aspects that can be fulfilling and offer many other avenues of opportunities as well. Having a genuine passion with photography is critical for this profession, especially since this career involves a lot of creative thinking. If you want to be successful, it is ideal to devote your time and effort in mastering the craft.

Several years ago, only professional photographers usually have the means to afford SLR’s or single-reflex cameras and it is those times were films were used as medium. With the digital age, SLR’s have become D-SLR’s and it has made these gadgets more affordable and easier to use. Today, even novice users can easily learn how to take professional-quality shots in just a short period of time.

As a Singapore commercial photographer, you have a great potential for earning a good amount of money depending on your skills and experience. Many of the commercial photographers that are out there usually work as a freelancer, while there are also some who get a part-time or full-time job as a staff for advertising agencies or publishing companies.

Commercial photographers may also setup their own studio or photography shop so that they can cater to people who require digital photography services. Couples, friends, and families may want to get some portraits taken and this can be done on your studio. Special events such as weddings, baptisms, anniversaries, and parties will often require photo coverage and this is an excellent opportunity to do business.

A great way to start your career as a Singapore commercial photographer is by getting proper training first. Before you can specialize in commercial photography, you must first master digital photography. Nowadays, attending short courses and seminars can be an excellent route to take, just be sure that your instructor is a renowned professional in the industry. Online photography courses are available as well.

As you are learning the principles and skills of a Singapore commercial photographer, it is important that you get as much experience as possible. Like any other area of photography, you need to hone your skills and acquire vast experience to become proficient in your craft. You can start by providing photography services to your family and friends so that you can start building your portfolio from there.

A good way of reaching out to fellow photographers and learning from them is by becoming a member of professional associations or groups of digital photographers. It is a good way of developing networking relationships and connections that can be handy in the long run. There is also a lot you can learn from online forums and participating in the discussions there.

Working as a Singapore commercial photographer can indeed be a lucrative profession, but you need to be highly proficient and experienced in order to excel in this industry. The competition can be very tight in commercial photography, and that is why you need to come up with ways to innovate yourself continuously and make yourself stand out from the rest of the crowd.

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